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Ivanova, N. (2022). The Effect of Residential Concentration of Migrants on the Integration of Second Generation Migrants in Russia. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences, 13(7), 1112-1125. [in Russian]
The success of the integration of second generation migrants largely depends on the context in which it takes place. The context traditionally refers to the cultural, linguistic, educational, legal and spatial environment. In Russia, over the past thirty years, areas of residential concentration of migrants have formed in the urban landscape of cities with a million inhabitants, which have become an object of public concern and research interest. The negative impact of living in these places on the integration of first generation migrants in some countries only fuels the debate. Despite the existing interest in the residential characteristics of first generation migrants, the integration of their children (second generation migrants) due to the characteristics of residence remains outside the focus of Russian research. This article aims to start a conversation about the impact of residential concentrations on the integration of second generation migrants over 18 years by comparing two groups of migrants: those living in areas with a high proportion of migrants and those living in other areas. The empirical basis of this study is the data of an online survey conducted in 2020 as part of a project by the Group for Migration and Ethnicity Research, which was devoted to the resettlement of migrants in Russia. The article presents the results of the analysis performed by Pearson’s Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U‑test and logistic and linear regression. It is established that the incomes of second generation migrants living in areas of residential concentration of migrants, despite their lower level of education, do not differ from the incomes of second generation migrants living in other areas. The potential income gap is supposed to be bridged by access to the social capital of neighbors, since it was found that second generation migrants from places of resident concentration live more often with distant relatives, know their neighbors in the area and find work through them.
The Effect of Residential Concentration of Migrants on the Integration of Second Generation Migrants in Russia